Body fat, especially in the upper body, has been associated with increased risk of chronic disease among adults. Factors associated with these traits among ethnically diverse populations are not well studied. We examined factors influencing body fat and weight among Asian and White adolescent girls from the female adolescent maturation longitudinal study initial exam plus 2-y follow-up examination in Hawaii. The objective of this study was to identify and compare influences on and differences in body size and fat distribution among Asian and White adolescent girls. Subjects were identified among age-eligible members of a large HMO.
What is Body Mass Index (BMI)?
What's actually behind the low Asian-American obesity rate?
Asian Americans are more likely to have better overall cardiovascular health than white Americans, but they lose that standing when the comparison is made using a lower, Asian-specific threshold for body mass index, according to new research. Asian Americans are one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States. They make up 5. Yet, little is known about their cardiovascular health, according to authors of a new study who say their research is the first to assess heart health status of Asian Americans in a nationally representative sample. Researchers examined six years of data from a national health and nutrition survey to compare the cardiovascular health of 1, non-Hispanic Asian Americans and 5, non-Hispanic whites. They based their assessment on seven metrics: smoking, weight, physical activity, diet, blood cholesterol, blood sugar and blood pressure.
Adjusting BMI eliminates lead Asian Americans hold in heart health
Body weight plays a big part. But people of Asian descent have less muscle and more fat than other groups and often develop diabetes at a younger age and lower weight. That extra body fat tends to be in the belly visceral fat.
The chance of developing diabetes, heart disease, and other weight-related health risks increases with increasing body mass index BMI. But theres strong evidence that at any given BMI, these health risks are markedly higher in some ethnic groups than others. The Nurses Health Study, for example, tracked patterns of weight gain and diabetes development in 78, U. After 20 years, researchers found that at the same BMI, Asians had more than double the risk of developing type 2 diabetes than whites; Hispanics and blacks also had higher risks of diabetes than whites, but to a lesser degree. Increases in weight over time were more harmful in Asians than in the other ethnic groups: For every 11 pounds Asians gained during adulthood, they had an 84 percent increase in their risk of type 2 diabetes; Hispanics, blacks, and whites who gained weight also had higher diabetes risks, but again, to a much lesser degree than Asians.